Department of Crop Sciences

General Biology

Agricultural productivity is typically limited by the biological properties of the cropping system.  These biological properties include how carbon and mineral nutrients such as nitrogen are cycled within and across growing seasons, the interactions among plants and plant pests, and genes that control economically important plant traits.  Advances in biology offer new approaches to increase our understanding of cropping systems, which can then be applied to improve crop yields and quality.  The Department of Crop Sciences pursues fundamental research in a number of fields of biology that have contributed to past gains in crop productivity and environmental sustainability, and where new discoveries will enable further improvements.